Leoš Janáček and Luhačovice
One of the most significant and original composers of Czech and worldwide modern music, and artiste of diminutive stature and huge vitality with a great mop of hair and striking features, not only of the face but of this whole personality, was born in the Lašsko district to the family of a teacher and organist in Hukvaldy.
Alongside Hukvaldy, the spa town of Luhačovice was Leoš Janáček favourite destination for a summer holiday, recreation, calm and entertainment and much needed rest. The beginning of the Moravian Maestro´s long relationship to Luhačovice dates back to 1886, when Janáček first visited Luhačovice again and again, then regularly in the summer months from 1903. He gathered new strength here, also resting his vocal chords, strained by his pedagogical activities.
Luhačovice also became a source of inspiration (one acts of the opera “Destiny” is located on the local spa colonnade, he composed his “Glafolitis Mass”, “Sonata for violin and piano” and several other works here and meeting place with important peers (Herben, Jirásek, Hviezdoslav). He also met the great love of his life here, Kamila Stosslova (1977) who inspirated the peak perion of this composition.
Leoš Janáček´s relationship towards Kamila Stosslová is generally recognised as an important source of inspiration of his work.
But his road to fame began by chance in this picturesque Moravian spa town. The wife of the spa director, MUDr. František Veselý, Marie Calma – Veselá, a famous singer of the time, recommended the opera, Jenůfa, to be performed at the National Theatre in Prague, her boos at the time, Karel Kovařovic, repeatedly rejected thi opera and after some guest performances by the National Theatre at the Vienna Court Opera (in 1918), Jenůfa began is triumphant journey around the whole world.
Janáček began his visits Luhačovice as a little known composer, recognised only as a collector of folk songs and a music teacher and ended them as a genius of world renown. In his last years, as a respected composer, he had the possibility of travelling a visiting numerous attractive spas and seaside resort abroad, but he always returned to his we-loved places in the Moravian countryside. Shortly after this last visit to Luhačovice (1st – 21st July 1928) Leoš Janáček died on 12th August 1928 in hospital in Ostrava.